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Additionally, even with the modifications it was still possible for cars to become airborne off the track.

The Nürburgring was also unsuitable for the burgeoning television market; its vast expanse made it almost impossible to effectively cover a race there.

As a result, early in the season it was decided that the race would be the last to be held on the old circuit.

Niki Lauda , the reigning world champion and only person ever to lap the full 22,metre Lauda was not only concerned about the safety arrangements and the lack of marshals around the circuit, he also did not like the prospect of running the race in another rainstorm.

Usually when that happened, some parts of the circuit were wet and other parts were dry, which is what the conditions of the circuit were for that race.

The other drivers voted against the idea and the race went ahead. Lauda crashed in his Ferrari coming out of the left-hand kink before Bergwerk after a new magnesium component on his Ferrari's rear suspension failed.

He was badly burned as his car was still loaded with fuel in lap 2. Lauda was saved by the combined actions of fellow drivers Arturo Merzario , Guy Edwards , Brett Lunger , and Harald Ertl , rather than by the ill-equipped track marshals.

The crash also showed that the track's distances were too long for regular fire engines and ambulances, even though the " ONS -Staffel" was equipped with a Porsche rescue car, marked R.

The old Nürburgring never hosted another F1 race again, as the German Grand Prix was moved to the Hockenheimring for The German motorcycle Grand Prix was held for the last time on the old Nürburgring in , also permanently moving to Hockenheim.

By its very nature, the Nordschleife was impossible to make safe in its old configuration. It soon became apparent that it would have to be completely overhauled if there was any prospect of Formula One returning there- the Nurburgring's administration and race organizers were not willing to provide the enormous expense of providing the amount of marshals needed for a Grand Prix- up to 6 times the amount that most other circuits needed.

With this in mind, in work began on a 4. During qualifying for that race, the late Stefan Bellof set a lap of This lap held the all-time record for 35 years partially because no major racing has taken place there since until it was surpassed by Timo Bernhard in the Porsche Hybrid Evo, which ran the slightly longer version of the circuit in Meanwhile, more run-off areas were added at corners like Aremberg and Brünnchen, where originally there were just embankments protected by Armco barriers.

The track surface was made safer in some spots where there had been nasty bumps and jumps. Racing line markers were added to the corners all around the track as well.

Also, bushes and hedges at the edges of corners were taken out and replaced with Armco and grass.

It is now mostly gone in part due to the construction of the new circuit or converted to a normal public road, but since a vintage car event has been hosted on the old track layout, including part of the parking area.

It was built to meet the highest safety standards. However, it was considered in character a mere shadow of its older sibling.

Some fans, who had to sit much farther away from the track, called it Eifelring , Ersatzring , Grünering or similar nicknames, believing it did not deserve to be called Nürburgring.

Like many circuits of the time, it offered few overtaking opportunities. To celebrate its opening, an exhibition race was held, on 12 May, featuring an array of notable drivers.

Driving identical Mercedes E 2. Senna won ahead of Lauda, Reutemann, Rosberg, Watson, Hulme and Jody Scheckter, being the only one to resist Lauda's performance who — having missed the qualifying — had to start from the last row and overtook all the others except Senna.

Besides other major international events, the Nürburgring has seen the brief return of Formula One racing, as the European Grand Prix was held at the track, followed by the German Grand Prix.

As F1 did not stay, other events were the highlights at the new Nürburgring, including the km Nürburgring , DTM , motorcycles, and newer types of events, like truck racing , vintage car racing at the AvD "Oldtimer Grand Prix", and even the " Rock am Ring " concerts.

Following the success and first world championship of Michael Schumacher , a second German F1 race was held at the Nürburgring between and , called the European Grand Prix , or in and , the Luxembourg Grand Prix.

Also, a slow Omega -shaped section was inserted, on the site of the former kart track. Both the Nürburgring and the Hockenheimring events have been losing money due to high and rising Formula One license fees charged by Bernie Ecclestone and low attendance due to high ticket prices [8] [9] [ citation needed ] ; starting with the Formula One season , Hockenheim and Nürburgring will alternate for hosting of the German GP.

In Formula One, Ralf Schumacher collided with his teammate Giancarlo Fisichella and his brother at the start of the race which was won by Jacques Villeneuve.

In , in changing conditions, Johnny Herbert managed to score the only win for the team of former Ringmeister Jackie Stewart.

One of the highlights of the season was Kimi Räikkönen 's spectacular exit while in the last lap of the race , when his suspension gave way after being rattled lap after lap by a flat-spotted tyre that was not changed due to the short-lived 'one set of tyres' rule.

Due to name-licensing problems, it was held as the European Grand Prix that year. In , the new owners of the Nürburgring were unable to secure a deal to continue hosting the German Grand Prix in the odd numbered years, so the and German Grands Prix were cancelled.

While it is unusual for deaths to occur during sanctioned races, there are many accidents and several deaths each year during public sessions.

It is common for the track to be closed several times a day for cleanup, repair, and medical intervention.

While track management does not publish any official figures, several regular visitors to the track have used police reports to estimate the number of fatalities at somewhere between 3 and 12 in a full year.

Several touring car series still compete on the Nordschleife , using either only the simple Entry-level competition requires a regularity test GLP for street-legal cars.

Automotive media outlets and manufacturers use the Nordschleife as a standard to publish their lap times achieved with their production vehicles.

About 45, spectators showed up for the main event, the third four-hour VLN race of the season.

Conceived largely as a photo opportunity, the lap times were not as fast as the car was capable of, BMW instead choosing to run the chassis at a particularly high ride height to allow for the Nordschleife' s abrupt gradient changes and to limit maximum speeds accordingly.

As part of the festivities before the 24 Hours Nürburgring race, Michael Schumacher and other Mercedes-Benz drivers took part in a promotional event which saw Schumacher complete a demonstration lap of the Nordschleife at the wheel of a Mercedes W Since its opening in , the track has been used by the public for the so-called Touristenfahrten , i.

It is opened every day of the week, except when races take place. The track may be closed for weeks during the winter months, depending on weather conditions and maintenance work.

Passing on the right is prohibited, and some sections have speed limits; the normal traffic rules StVO in German apply also here.

The Nürburgring is a popular attraction for many driving enthusiasts and riders from all over the world, partly because of its history and the challenge it provides.

The lack of oncoming traffic and intersections sets it apart from regular roads, and the absence of a blanket speed limit is a further attraction.

Normal ticket buyers on tourist days cannot quite complete a full lap of the On busier days, a mobile ticket barrier is installed on the main straight in order to reduce the length of queues at the fixed barriers.

This is open to all ticket holders. On rare occasions, it is possible to drive both the Nordschleife and the Grand Prix circuit combined.

Drivers interested in lap times often time themselves from the first bridge after the barriers to the last gantry aka Bridge-to-Gantry or BTG time before the exit.

Normal, non-racing, non-timed driving accidents might be covered by driver's insurance, but it is increasingly common for UK insurers especially to insert exclusion clauses that mean drivers and riders on the Nürburgring only have third-party coverage [17] or are not covered at all.

Drivers who have crashed into the barriers, suffered mechanical failure or been otherwise required to be towed off track during Touristenfahrten sessions are referred to as having joined the "Bongard Club".

This nickname is derived from the name of the company which operates the large yellow recovery flatbed trucks which ferry those unfortunate drivers and their vehicles to the nearest exit.

Additionally, those found responsible for damage to the track or safety barriers are required to pay for repairs, along with the time and cost associated with personnel and equipment to address those damages, making any accident or breakdown a potentially expensive incident.

Because it is technically operated as a public toll road, failing to report an accident or instance where track surfaces are affected is considered unlawfully leaving the scene of an accident.

One of the original purposes of the Nordschleife was as a test track for auto manufacturers, and its demanding layout had been traditionally used as a proving ground.

Weekdays are often booked for so-called Industriefahrten for auto makers and the media. With the advent of the Internet, awareness of the Nordschleife has risen in Germany and abroad, in addition to publicity in print media.

In , Porsche reported that their new GT3 had lapped the Nürburgring in under eight minutes, and in subsequent years, manufacturers from overseas also showed up to test cars.

Some high-performance models are promoted with videotaped laps published on the web, and the claimed lap times are generating discussion.

Few of these supercars are actually entered in racing where the claims could be backed up. For sixteen weeks per year, the industry pool Industrie-Pool rents exclusive daytime use of the track for automotive development, and endurance testing.

In addition, during series 17 summer of Top Gear, James May was very critical of the ride quality of cars whose development processes included testing on the Nordschleife , saying that cars which were tested at Nordschleife got ruined.

Multiple layouts of the Nürburgring have been featured in video games, such as the Gran Turismo series , the Forza Motorsport series , iRacing and Assetto Corsa.

Grand Prix Legends , a historic racing simulator also included the Nürburgring on its roster of default Grand Prix tracks.

Other pastimes are hosted at the Nürburgring, such as the Rock am Ring , Germany's biggest rock music festival, attracting close to , rock fans each year since In , new commercial areas opened, including a hotel and shopping mall.

This meant there was to be a new owner in , unencumbered by the debts of the previous operation, with the circuit expected to return to profitability.

Düsseldorf -based Capricorn Development was the buyer. The company was to take full ownership of the Nürburgring on January 1, In May , the Nürburgring was set to hold the first Grüne Hölle Rock festival as a replacement for the Rock am Ring festival, [30] but the project did not take place.

The Nordschleife operates in a clockwise direction, and was formerly known for its abundance of sharp crests, causing fast-moving, firmly-sprung racing cars to jump clear off the track surface at many locations.

Although by no means the most fearsome, Flugplatz is perhaps the most aptly although coincidentally named and widely remembered. The name of this part of the track comes from a small airfield, which in the early years was located close to the track in this area.

The track features a very short straight that climbs sharply uphill for a short time, then suddenly drops slightly downhill, and this is immediately followed by two very fast right-hand kinks.

Manfred Winkelhock flipped his March Formula Two car at the same corner in This section of the track was renovated in [32] after an accident in which a Nissan GTR flew over the fence and killed a spectator.

Drivers are flat out for some time here. The Fuchsröhre is soon after the very fast downhill section succeeding the Flugplatz.

After negotiating a long right hand corner called Aremberg which is after Schwedenkreuz the road goes slightly uphill, under a bridge and then it plunges downhill, and the road switches back left and right and finding a point of reference for the racing line is difficult.

This whole sequence is flat out and then, the road climbs sharply uphill. The road then turns left and levels out at the same time; this is one of the many jumps of the Nürburgring where the car goes airborne.

This leads to the Adenauer Forst forest turns. The Fuchsröhre is one of the fastest and most dangerous parts of the Nürburgring because of the extremely high speeds in such a tight and confined place; this part of the Nürburgring goes right through a forest and there is only about 7—8 feet of grass separating the track from Armco barrier, and beyond the barriers is a wall of trees.

Perhaps the most notorious corner on the long circuit, Bergwerk has been responsible for some serious and sometimes fatal accidents.

The fast kink was also the scene of Niki Lauda 's infamous fiery accident during the German Grand Prix.

This left kink is often referred to as the Lauda Links Lauda left. Although being one of the slower corners on the Nordschleife , the Karussell is perhaps its most famous and one of its most iconic- it is one of two berm -style, banked corners on the track.

Soon after the driver has negotiated the long uphill section after Bergwerk and gone through a section called Klostertal Monastery Valley , the driver turns right through a long hairpin, past an abandoned section called Steilstrecke Steep Route and then goes up another hill towards the Karrusell.

The entrance to the corner is blind, although Juan Manuel Fangio is reputed to have advised a young driver to "aim for the tallest tree," a feature that was also built into the rendering of the circuit in the Gran Turismo 4 and Grand Prix Legends video games.

Once the driver has reached the top of the hill, the road then becomes sharply banked on one side and level on the other- this banking drops off, rather than climbing up like most bankings on circuits.

The sharply banked side has a concrete surface, and there is a foot-wide tarmac surface on the bottom of the banking for cars to get extra grip through the very rough concrete banking.

Cars drop into the concrete banking, and keep the car in the corner which is degrees, much like a hairpin bend until the road levels out and the concrete surface becomes tarmac again.

This corner is very hard on the driver's wrists and hands because of the prolonged bumpy cornering the driver must do while in the Karrusell.

Usually cars come out of the top of the end of the banking to hit the apex that comes right after the end of the Karrusell.

The combination of a recognisable corner, slow-moving cars, and the variation in viewing angle as cars rotate around the banking, means that this is one of the circuit's most popular locations for photographers.

It is named after German pre-WWII racing driver Rudolf Caracciola , who reportedly made the corner his own by hooking the inside tires into a drainage ditch to help his car "hug" the curve.

As more concrete was uncovered and more competitors copied him, the trend took hold. At a later reconstruction, the corner was remade with real concrete banking, as it remains to this day.

A favourite spectator vantage point, the Brünnchen section is composed of two right-hand corners and a very short straight.

The first corner goes sharply downhill and the next, after the very short downhill straight, goes uphill slightly. This is a section of the track where on public days, accidents happen particularly at the blind uphill right-hand corner.

Like almost every corner at the Nürburgring, both right-handers are blind. The short straight used to have a steep and sudden drop-off that caused cars to take off and a bridge that went over a pathway; these were taken out and smoothed over when the circuit was rebuilt in and The Pflanzgarten , which is soon after the Brünnchen , is one of the fastest, trickiest and most difficult sections of the Nürburgring.

It is full of jumps, including two huge ones, one of which is called Sprunghügel Hill Jump. This very complex section is unique in that it is made up of two different sections; getting the entire Pflanzgarten right is crucial to a good lap time around the Nürburgring.

Pflanzgarten 1 is made up of a slightly banked, downhill left hander which then suddenly switches back left, then right. Then immediately, giving the driver nearly no time to react knowledge of this section is key the road drops away twice: the first jump is only slight, then right after somewhat like a staircase the road drops away very sharply which usually causes almost all cars to go airborne at this jump; the drop is so sudden.

Then, immediately after the road levels out very shortly after the jump and the car touches the ground again, the road immediately and suddenly goes right very quickly and then right again; this is what makes up the end of the first Pflanzgarten - a very fast multiple apex sequence of right hand corners.

The road then goes slightly uphill and then through another jump; the road suddenly drops away and levels out and at the same time, the road turns through a flat-out left hander.

A year later and the repair works began on the Nordschleife, with racing resuming in May Soon racing categories of all kinds returned, from sportscars to single seaters.

Formula Two came first in , followed by Formula One in The Nürburgring was back as an international venue of note.

The Dunlop scoring tower was erected in , the first electronic scoring board of its type in the world. Still the circuit retained its narrow hedge and tree-lined corners and safety concerns grew.

By the end of the s, the first significant changes began to be made in response to these mounting safety concerns.

After several near-misses with the Dunlop scoring tower as cars drifted through the high-speed curve that lead from the Nordschleife onto the start-finish, the Hohenrain chicane was installed just prior to this section in This had the twin benefits of reducing the speeds and altering the racing line to a safer position.

In , a new pit area was installed, separated from the track by a guardrail for the first time. Still the concerns remained and, a boycott of the circuit by the Formula One drivers in resulted in the German GP switching to Hockenheim.

To regain the race, the Nürburgring needed to make significant changes. In February , the bulldozers moved in and began a series of modernisations.

Guardrails were installed and wider grass verges were installed across large parts of the circuit. The jumps at Kesselchen and Brünnchen were removed and many trees were felled to create better sightlines at key points.

For the traditionalists, this represented a fundamental dumbing down of the circuit; viewed from the modern perspective, this seems a somewhat exaggerated response; the Nürburgring was still the most challenging circuit in the world and, some might say, remained the most dangerous on the F1 calendar.

Formula One returned in , Jackie Stewart triumphing for Tyrrell. It's something of an irony that the man who campaigned most vociferously against the self-evident dangers at tracks like the Nürburgring in the s should prove so successful here; his victory in the torrential race among the finest ever seen at the 'Ring.

Elsewhere, a new entrance to the Südschleife was created further towards the pits, primarily to accommodate a wider entry to the Südkehre, removing the previous bottleneck and allowing the installation of new guardrails and grass verges.

Despite the modernizations, still the dangers remained, compounded by the difficulty of providing effective marshalling and medical care along the mile length.

Niki Lauda's fiery crash in proved a final straw for F1, thought the emerging needs of the TV audience and other commercial and logistical considerations also played their part.

Once F1 departed it was merely a matter of time before others too arrived at the same conclusion. Formula Two continued on, though not without drama; Manfred Winkelhock comprehensively destroying his March BMW when a broken front wing resulted in a backwards somersault as he crested the jump at Flugplatz in Remarkably, he walked away unscathed.

Sportscars also continued on, though tragedy struck the kms when Herbert Müller died when he lost control avoiding a spinning car and crashed into the earth bank at Kesselchen.

It was clear that major change was needed and a more modern, shorter, and fundamentally safer circuit would have to be constructed to guarantee the future of the venue.

Redeveloping the Nordschleife was considered a non-starter, not least due to its history and the high costs involved, but a new Südschleife seemed a feasible proposition.

By this time, the original Südschleife had largely been abandoned for racing, having enjoyed none of the security and infrastructure upgrades of the northern loop.

Planning began in the late s, with a variety of proposed layouts suggested, benefiting from input from computer scientists. By , a design had been settled upon, utilising the existing start-finish straight but little else.

The plans called for an ultra-modern facility with wide run off areas and paddock facilities immediately behind the pit garages.

The new circuit would sit inside only a small part of the Südschleife , with the remaining original track returned to public use, either as highways or woodland trails.

Happily, the new circuit would continue to connect to the Nordschleife, which would be retained for occasional racing use. The final race on the old Nordschleife was a round of the Veedol Endurance Cup in October , followed by a final club event on the Betonschliefe.

Then, in November, the bulldozers moved in, tearing down the pits and Nordkehre, in order to create a new connecting section from Hohenrain to allow the Nordschliefe to function independently during the season.

A new grandstand overlooked this section and housed rudimentary pit and paddock facilities. Greater run-off areas were also created at corners like Aremberg and Brünnchen and further easing of the bumps and jumps at several corners were made and bushes and hedges lining parts of the circuit were replaced with Armco and grass.

As the year unfolded the new Grand Prix circuit gradually began to emerge as racing continued on the slightly truncated original course.

During the km, Stefan Bellof set a competition record on the Nordschleife unmatched to this day, lapping his Porsche in an incredible After less than two years construction, the new Grand Prix circuit was inaugurated on 12 May , a then relatively-unknown Ayrton Senna beating a host of Formula One drivers in a special race of lightly-modified Mercedes saloon cars.

Those attending the opening found the new circuit unpalatably sterile in relation to its older neighbour, but such comparisons were always likely to be unfavourable.

It was safe, provided good viewing facilities for spectators and produced decently good racing; in essence it fulfilled its brief to the full and provided a template for all circuits that followed.

Two visits from Formula One in and '85 proved a slightly false dawn, with the German GP returning to Hockenheim in Nevertheless, the circuit firmly re-established its international credentials, hosting a full calender of two and four-wheeled events.

The long distance GT and touring car races continued on the Nordschleife, as did the 24 Hours, incorporating the new Grand Prix loop at its southern end.

When not entertaining racing or testing, the Nordschleife continued in use as a tourist road — just as it had from its earliest days — but perhaps because of the relative blandness of the new course, it gained even more popularity among the public.

In , the first modification of the new circuit took place, when a link road just to the south of the Kurzanbindung created the Mullenbachschleife, named after the nearby town.

It was used for only testing and smaller club events only, due to the lack of pits and paddock facilities.

A new, tighter, Veedol chicane was installed ahead of the race, though the original also remained in use for motorcycle racing and during the VLN and 24 Hour races.

Improvements continued in , this time on the Nordschliefe, with the creation of the Grüne Hölle Green Hell visitors complex on the Döttinger-Höhe straight.

This included a restaurant and car park and provides access to the Nordschleife on tourist days, via ticket barriers, meaning a complete lap at full speed is not now possible on such occasions.

Drivers interested in lap times often time themselves from the first bridge after the barriers to the last gantry before the exit aka Bridge-to-Gantry or BTG time but this practice is not encouraged and likely to a reprimand from police in the event of a collision not to mention likely invalidation of insurance.

You have been warned! Then, in , the most significant changes were made since the creation of the GP circuit, with the addition of the Mercedes Arena, almost inevitably designed by Hermann Tilke.

The following year, the F1 chicane was revised, to a Z-shaped configuration suggested by Michael Schumacher and paid for thanks to the German star donating his time for free at a special spectator day.

It was not a popular change among his F1 compatriots. While no further changes have been made to the track, saw the completion of a controversial scheme to incorporate a leisure park and shopping centre into the facilities behind the main grandstand.

Visitor numbers at the complex have been far below those projected, with the huge complex often resembling a ghost town.

A high-speed roller coaster stands forlornly as a symbol of all that has gone wrong at the circuit, having never taken a paying passenger after health and safety concerns following two crashes in testing forced its closure soon after completion.

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For instance, by the s the German Grand Prix required five times the marshals and medical staff as a typical F1 race, something the German organizers were unwilling to provide.

Additionally, even with the modifications it was still possible for cars to become airborne off the track. The Nürburgring was also unsuitable for the burgeoning television market; its vast expanse made it almost impossible to effectively cover a race there.

As a result, early in the season it was decided that the race would be the last to be held on the old circuit. Niki Lauda , the reigning world champion and only person ever to lap the full 22,metre Lauda was not only concerned about the safety arrangements and the lack of marshals around the circuit, he also did not like the prospect of running the race in another rainstorm.

Usually when that happened, some parts of the circuit were wet and other parts were dry, which is what the conditions of the circuit were for that race.

The other drivers voted against the idea and the race went ahead. Lauda crashed in his Ferrari coming out of the left-hand kink before Bergwerk after a new magnesium component on his Ferrari's rear suspension failed.

He was badly burned as his car was still loaded with fuel in lap 2. Lauda was saved by the combined actions of fellow drivers Arturo Merzario , Guy Edwards , Brett Lunger , and Harald Ertl , rather than by the ill-equipped track marshals.

The crash also showed that the track's distances were too long for regular fire engines and ambulances, even though the " ONS -Staffel" was equipped with a Porsche rescue car, marked R.

The old Nürburgring never hosted another F1 race again, as the German Grand Prix was moved to the Hockenheimring for The German motorcycle Grand Prix was held for the last time on the old Nürburgring in , also permanently moving to Hockenheim.

By its very nature, the Nordschleife was impossible to make safe in its old configuration. It soon became apparent that it would have to be completely overhauled if there was any prospect of Formula One returning there- the Nurburgring's administration and race organizers were not willing to provide the enormous expense of providing the amount of marshals needed for a Grand Prix- up to 6 times the amount that most other circuits needed.

With this in mind, in work began on a 4. During qualifying for that race, the late Stefan Bellof set a lap of This lap held the all-time record for 35 years partially because no major racing has taken place there since until it was surpassed by Timo Bernhard in the Porsche Hybrid Evo, which ran the slightly longer version of the circuit in Meanwhile, more run-off areas were added at corners like Aremberg and Brünnchen, where originally there were just embankments protected by Armco barriers.

The track surface was made safer in some spots where there had been nasty bumps and jumps. Racing line markers were added to the corners all around the track as well.

Also, bushes and hedges at the edges of corners were taken out and replaced with Armco and grass. It is now mostly gone in part due to the construction of the new circuit or converted to a normal public road, but since a vintage car event has been hosted on the old track layout, including part of the parking area.

It was built to meet the highest safety standards. However, it was considered in character a mere shadow of its older sibling.

Some fans, who had to sit much farther away from the track, called it Eifelring , Ersatzring , Grünering or similar nicknames, believing it did not deserve to be called Nürburgring.

Like many circuits of the time, it offered few overtaking opportunities. To celebrate its opening, an exhibition race was held, on 12 May, featuring an array of notable drivers.

Driving identical Mercedes E 2. Senna won ahead of Lauda, Reutemann, Rosberg, Watson, Hulme and Jody Scheckter, being the only one to resist Lauda's performance who — having missed the qualifying — had to start from the last row and overtook all the others except Senna.

Besides other major international events, the Nürburgring has seen the brief return of Formula One racing, as the European Grand Prix was held at the track, followed by the German Grand Prix.

As F1 did not stay, other events were the highlights at the new Nürburgring, including the km Nürburgring , DTM , motorcycles, and newer types of events, like truck racing , vintage car racing at the AvD "Oldtimer Grand Prix", and even the " Rock am Ring " concerts.

Following the success and first world championship of Michael Schumacher , a second German F1 race was held at the Nürburgring between and , called the European Grand Prix , or in and , the Luxembourg Grand Prix.

Also, a slow Omega -shaped section was inserted, on the site of the former kart track. Both the Nürburgring and the Hockenheimring events have been losing money due to high and rising Formula One license fees charged by Bernie Ecclestone and low attendance due to high ticket prices [8] [9] [ citation needed ] ; starting with the Formula One season , Hockenheim and Nürburgring will alternate for hosting of the German GP.

In Formula One, Ralf Schumacher collided with his teammate Giancarlo Fisichella and his brother at the start of the race which was won by Jacques Villeneuve.

In , in changing conditions, Johnny Herbert managed to score the only win for the team of former Ringmeister Jackie Stewart. One of the highlights of the season was Kimi Räikkönen 's spectacular exit while in the last lap of the race , when his suspension gave way after being rattled lap after lap by a flat-spotted tyre that was not changed due to the short-lived 'one set of tyres' rule.

Due to name-licensing problems, it was held as the European Grand Prix that year. In , the new owners of the Nürburgring were unable to secure a deal to continue hosting the German Grand Prix in the odd numbered years, so the and German Grands Prix were cancelled.

While it is unusual for deaths to occur during sanctioned races, there are many accidents and several deaths each year during public sessions.

It is common for the track to be closed several times a day for cleanup, repair, and medical intervention. While track management does not publish any official figures, several regular visitors to the track have used police reports to estimate the number of fatalities at somewhere between 3 and 12 in a full year.

Several touring car series still compete on the Nordschleife , using either only the simple Entry-level competition requires a regularity test GLP for street-legal cars.

Automotive media outlets and manufacturers use the Nordschleife as a standard to publish their lap times achieved with their production vehicles.

About 45, spectators showed up for the main event, the third four-hour VLN race of the season. Conceived largely as a photo opportunity, the lap times were not as fast as the car was capable of, BMW instead choosing to run the chassis at a particularly high ride height to allow for the Nordschleife' s abrupt gradient changes and to limit maximum speeds accordingly.

As part of the festivities before the 24 Hours Nürburgring race, Michael Schumacher and other Mercedes-Benz drivers took part in a promotional event which saw Schumacher complete a demonstration lap of the Nordschleife at the wheel of a Mercedes W Since its opening in , the track has been used by the public for the so-called Touristenfahrten , i.

It is opened every day of the week, except when races take place. The track may be closed for weeks during the winter months, depending on weather conditions and maintenance work.

Passing on the right is prohibited, and some sections have speed limits; the normal traffic rules StVO in German apply also here.

The Nürburgring is a popular attraction for many driving enthusiasts and riders from all over the world, partly because of its history and the challenge it provides.

The lack of oncoming traffic and intersections sets it apart from regular roads, and the absence of a blanket speed limit is a further attraction.

Normal ticket buyers on tourist days cannot quite complete a full lap of the On busier days, a mobile ticket barrier is installed on the main straight in order to reduce the length of queues at the fixed barriers.

This is open to all ticket holders. On rare occasions, it is possible to drive both the Nordschleife and the Grand Prix circuit combined.

Drivers interested in lap times often time themselves from the first bridge after the barriers to the last gantry aka Bridge-to-Gantry or BTG time before the exit.

Normal, non-racing, non-timed driving accidents might be covered by driver's insurance, but it is increasingly common for UK insurers especially to insert exclusion clauses that mean drivers and riders on the Nürburgring only have third-party coverage [17] or are not covered at all.

Drivers who have crashed into the barriers, suffered mechanical failure or been otherwise required to be towed off track during Touristenfahrten sessions are referred to as having joined the "Bongard Club".

This nickname is derived from the name of the company which operates the large yellow recovery flatbed trucks which ferry those unfortunate drivers and their vehicles to the nearest exit.

Additionally, those found responsible for damage to the track or safety barriers are required to pay for repairs, along with the time and cost associated with personnel and equipment to address those damages, making any accident or breakdown a potentially expensive incident.

Because it is technically operated as a public toll road, failing to report an accident or instance where track surfaces are affected is considered unlawfully leaving the scene of an accident.

One of the original purposes of the Nordschleife was as a test track for auto manufacturers, and its demanding layout had been traditionally used as a proving ground.

Weekdays are often booked for so-called Industriefahrten for auto makers and the media. With the advent of the Internet, awareness of the Nordschleife has risen in Germany and abroad, in addition to publicity in print media.

In , Porsche reported that their new GT3 had lapped the Nürburgring in under eight minutes, and in subsequent years, manufacturers from overseas also showed up to test cars.

Some high-performance models are promoted with videotaped laps published on the web, and the claimed lap times are generating discussion. Few of these supercars are actually entered in racing where the claims could be backed up.

For sixteen weeks per year, the industry pool Industrie-Pool rents exclusive daytime use of the track for automotive development, and endurance testing.

In addition, during series 17 summer of Top Gear, James May was very critical of the ride quality of cars whose development processes included testing on the Nordschleife , saying that cars which were tested at Nordschleife got ruined.

Multiple layouts of the Nürburgring have been featured in video games, such as the Gran Turismo series , the Forza Motorsport series , iRacing and Assetto Corsa.

Grand Prix Legends , a historic racing simulator also included the Nürburgring on its roster of default Grand Prix tracks.

Other pastimes are hosted at the Nürburgring, such as the Rock am Ring , Germany's biggest rock music festival, attracting close to , rock fans each year since In , new commercial areas opened, including a hotel and shopping mall.

This meant there was to be a new owner in , unencumbered by the debts of the previous operation, with the circuit expected to return to profitability.

Düsseldorf -based Capricorn Development was the buyer. Once F1 departed it was merely a matter of time before others too arrived at the same conclusion.

Formula Two continued on, though not without drama; Manfred Winkelhock comprehensively destroying his March BMW when a broken front wing resulted in a backwards somersault as he crested the jump at Flugplatz in Remarkably, he walked away unscathed.

Sportscars also continued on, though tragedy struck the kms when Herbert Müller died when he lost control avoiding a spinning car and crashed into the earth bank at Kesselchen.

It was clear that major change was needed and a more modern, shorter, and fundamentally safer circuit would have to be constructed to guarantee the future of the venue.

Redeveloping the Nordschleife was considered a non-starter, not least due to its history and the high costs involved, but a new Südschleife seemed a feasible proposition.

By this time, the original Südschleife had largely been abandoned for racing, having enjoyed none of the security and infrastructure upgrades of the northern loop.

Planning began in the late s, with a variety of proposed layouts suggested, benefiting from input from computer scientists. By , a design had been settled upon, utilising the existing start-finish straight but little else.

The plans called for an ultra-modern facility with wide run off areas and paddock facilities immediately behind the pit garages.

The new circuit would sit inside only a small part of the Südschleife , with the remaining original track returned to public use, either as highways or woodland trails.

Happily, the new circuit would continue to connect to the Nordschleife, which would be retained for occasional racing use. The final race on the old Nordschleife was a round of the Veedol Endurance Cup in October , followed by a final club event on the Betonschliefe.

Then, in November, the bulldozers moved in, tearing down the pits and Nordkehre, in order to create a new connecting section from Hohenrain to allow the Nordschliefe to function independently during the season.

A new grandstand overlooked this section and housed rudimentary pit and paddock facilities. Greater run-off areas were also created at corners like Aremberg and Brünnchen and further easing of the bumps and jumps at several corners were made and bushes and hedges lining parts of the circuit were replaced with Armco and grass.

As the year unfolded the new Grand Prix circuit gradually began to emerge as racing continued on the slightly truncated original course.

During the km, Stefan Bellof set a competition record on the Nordschleife unmatched to this day, lapping his Porsche in an incredible After less than two years construction, the new Grand Prix circuit was inaugurated on 12 May , a then relatively-unknown Ayrton Senna beating a host of Formula One drivers in a special race of lightly-modified Mercedes saloon cars.

Those attending the opening found the new circuit unpalatably sterile in relation to its older neighbour, but such comparisons were always likely to be unfavourable.

It was safe, provided good viewing facilities for spectators and produced decently good racing; in essence it fulfilled its brief to the full and provided a template for all circuits that followed.

Two visits from Formula One in and '85 proved a slightly false dawn, with the German GP returning to Hockenheim in Nevertheless, the circuit firmly re-established its international credentials, hosting a full calender of two and four-wheeled events.

The long distance GT and touring car races continued on the Nordschleife, as did the 24 Hours, incorporating the new Grand Prix loop at its southern end.

When not entertaining racing or testing, the Nordschleife continued in use as a tourist road — just as it had from its earliest days — but perhaps because of the relative blandness of the new course, it gained even more popularity among the public.

In , the first modification of the new circuit took place, when a link road just to the south of the Kurzanbindung created the Mullenbachschleife, named after the nearby town.

It was used for only testing and smaller club events only, due to the lack of pits and paddock facilities.

A new, tighter, Veedol chicane was installed ahead of the race, though the original also remained in use for motorcycle racing and during the VLN and 24 Hour races.

Improvements continued in , this time on the Nordschliefe, with the creation of the Grüne Hölle Green Hell visitors complex on the Döttinger-Höhe straight.

This included a restaurant and car park and provides access to the Nordschleife on tourist days, via ticket barriers, meaning a complete lap at full speed is not now possible on such occasions.

Drivers interested in lap times often time themselves from the first bridge after the barriers to the last gantry before the exit aka Bridge-to-Gantry or BTG time but this practice is not encouraged and likely to a reprimand from police in the event of a collision not to mention likely invalidation of insurance.

You have been warned! Then, in , the most significant changes were made since the creation of the GP circuit, with the addition of the Mercedes Arena, almost inevitably designed by Hermann Tilke.

The following year, the F1 chicane was revised, to a Z-shaped configuration suggested by Michael Schumacher and paid for thanks to the German star donating his time for free at a special spectator day.

It was not a popular change among his F1 compatriots. While no further changes have been made to the track, saw the completion of a controversial scheme to incorporate a leisure park and shopping centre into the facilities behind the main grandstand.

Visitor numbers at the complex have been far below those projected, with the huge complex often resembling a ghost town. A high-speed roller coaster stands forlornly as a symbol of all that has gone wrong at the circuit, having never taken a paying passenger after health and safety concerns following two crashes in testing forced its closure soon after completion.

Instead of pulling the plug, the regional government rented the park — including both race tracks — back to the same privateers who were driving forces behind the leisure park's initial private setup, Kai Richter and Jörg Lindner.

After the successful start of the contactless tourist drives a few days ago, the next good news now follows: Various motorsport trainings, which are carried out Subscribe to your own personal Nürburgring newsletter now!

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